Thursday, May 22, 2008

# Vague Incused unusual Inscriptions on Rs.2 coins 1990-2000

Vague Incused unusual Inscriptions on Rs.2 coins
Recently I was sitting at home sorting out the change of the coins that are in circulation so that they can be reused. My husband (Dr Bharat) does not allow to use the change that we get untill he has gone through all of them. So we sat down and seperated rupees, 2 rupees, 5 rupees and so on....

While having a look at the 2 rupees lot, i saw a coin that had something written(not clear) that was incused on the Obverse (on the Rt hand side of the map of India). I got a hand lens and had a closer was some thing in Hindi and reverse/inverted? Now, I had invited trouble for myself..Dr Bharat asked me to go through all coins for the same year and other years to see whether all of them have the same inscriptions or not!

We could find similar inscriptions on 2 rupee coins of other years also, but at the same time many coins of the same year and other years didn't have them. So, we scanned the coin that was clear/near UNC to check what it was...It was still not clear what was written so we took a higher resolution scan........see below

It was of No Use as the inscriptions seemed to be inverted. We had and idea to edit the scan and invert the image (like u see in brockages-mint errors). The edited scan was like this.......Now even u can tell what we saw at that time......satyamev jayate in Hindi . The enlarged scan is given below....

Conclusion:- Satyamev Jayate in Hindi was seen which could have been impressed from the Reverse side of 2 rupee coin when the coins were minted . BUT HOW ???????: Why not in all coins...why in all years but not all coins???

It may not be the greatest discovery in Numismatics, but this is what young Numismatists should look for....... Every Coin may have some mystery hidden in it...



Susan said...

We have been seeing a similar phenomenon on the new U.S. Presidential Dollars, where letters or portions of the inscriptions are showing up, in reverse, in areas they shouldn't. American collectors have discussed this at some length, and concluded that we are seeing a phenomenon called "embossing."

Embossing happens when one coin comes into contact with another coin with enough force to transfer the letters and images. This usually happens shortly after the coins are struck. They are transported in huge plastic bins called "ballistic bags," which are so large that they must be moved with forklifts. If the ballistic bag gets swung around too quickly, or set down too hard, the sheer pressure of all those tons of coins moving into each other can sometimes leave these embossed letters.

In the U.S. coins situation, the embossing usually happens when the lettered edge of one coin imparts its letters to the surface of another coin, although it's also common to see this on edges. The embossed letters are always raised (rather than incuse) and in reverse to normal appearance. If this situation fits your Indian specimens (raised and reversed) then you probably have the same cause as the U.S. collectors are seeing.

I have an article on my Web site that goes into greater detail about the embossing of letters on U.S. Presidential Dollars. The article was written to address the fraud where ebay sellers were claiming these were "dropped letters" (a rare filled-die error where letter-shaped glops of impacted "mint goop" drop onto the planchet and cause an INCUSED impression of the letters,) but the basic causes and effects of embossing are probably the same between your coins and ours.

Susan Headley Guide to Coins

P.S. I am an avid collector of coins of India, which is why I visit your Web site! =)

spock1k said...

Susan what kinds of indian coins do you collect. I am looking for collectors based in the US that collect indian coins. I have got tons of friends who collect coins butt no one collects indian coins here in the US

Krause20thCentury said...

This phenomenon is called clashing. This happens when there is no planchet (coin blank) between two dies when striking and the design is imprinted on the die. This is then transferred to the coin blank during the next striking. It is certainly not rare and is a very common occurrence. Please do not pay more than face value for these.

beekar said...

I am of the same opinion with Krause20thCentury. This type of error is known as die clash error. This type of error is a common error on 2 rs National Integration coins. It is also found on 1 rupee coins from 1983 to 1991. I have also posted an Indira Gandhi 50 paise coin in my blog:
in the page mint error coins and named it as Ghosting error. Please see that coin image.

seenu said...

I found your article on Articles on coind studies, Rs 2 incused unusual inscriptions.